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 Post subject: Copula past tense
PostPosted: Tue 20 Mar 2018 5:41 am 
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Joined: Wed 16 Nov 2016 11:12 pm
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I'm not sure what the past tense for the copula is.
For instance, I know that "That is a dog == Is madra é sin"
But how would you say "That was a dog"?
Also, how would you sat "That was the language of the Druids"?


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 Post subject: Re: Copula past tense
PostPosted: Tue 20 Mar 2018 10:11 am 
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Vitaee wrote:
I'm not sure what the past tense for the copula is.

ba

Vitaee wrote:
For instance, I know that "That is a dog == Is madra é sin"
But how would you say "That was a dog"?

Ba mhadra é sin.

Vitaee wrote:
Also, how would you sat "That was the language of the Druids"?

Ba í sin teanga na ndraoithe.


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 Post subject: Re: Copula past tense
PostPosted: Tue 20 Mar 2018 3:44 pm 
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Thanks. But why doesn't "í sin" come at the end in the Druid sentence since "é sin" comes at the end of the dog sentence?


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 Post subject: Re: Copula past tense
PostPosted: Tue 20 Mar 2018 6:24 pm 
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Vitaee wrote:
Thanks. But why doesn't "í sin" come at the end in the Druid sentence since "é sin" comes at the end of the dog sentence?


Both sentences are different.
The dog sentence is a classification (That is "a" dog),
the druid sentence is an identification (That is "the" language of the druids.)

In identification sentences demonstrative adjectives (e.g. in "an teanga seo") and demonstrative pronouns (like "í sin", "é seo", etc.) almost always come first.
It would sound strange putting them in the last position there.
(This would put too much emphasis on the other constituent, here "teanga na ndraoithe", which is rarely useful.)

In classification sentences the class noun ("a dog") always comes first no matter what else occurs.


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 Post subject: Re: Copula past tense
PostPosted: Tue 20 Mar 2018 10:51 pm 
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Joined: Wed 16 Nov 2016 11:12 pm
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Let me see if I have this right.

That was a dog == Ba mhadra é sin

That was the dog == Ba é sin an madra

Do I have that correct?

Also, while I'm thinking about it, I know teanga is feminine, but are all specific languages feminine?
That is, are Gaeilge, Sasana, Ruisis, etc all gramatically feminine?


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 Post subject: Re: Copula past tense
PostPosted: Tue 20 Mar 2018 11:21 pm 
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All languages' names are feminine except "Béarla". (Sasana means England)
Historically, "béarla" doesn't mean "English" but "language".

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Is fearr Gaeilg na Gaeltaċta ná Gaeilg ar biṫ eile
Agus is í Gaeilg Ġaoṫ Doḃair is binne
:)


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 Post subject: Re: Copula past tense
PostPosted: Wed 21 Mar 2018 1:42 am 
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Joined: Wed 16 Nov 2016 11:12 pm
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:GRMA:


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 Post subject: Re: Copula past tense
PostPosted: Wed 21 Mar 2018 4:04 am 
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Joined: Sat 03 May 2014 4:01 pm
Posts: 812
Vitaee wrote:
Let me see if I have this right.

That was a dog == Ba mhadra é sin

That was the dog == Ba é sin an madra

Do I have that correct?


:good:


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