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 Post subject: Copular noun?
PostPosted: Fri 26 Jan 2018 5:03 pm 
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Is there a copular equivalent of bheith, and if not, how do you say things like "to want", "to be able to", "to like", or even just "to be" (apart from bheith ina, if possible)?


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 Post subject: Re: Copular noun?
PostPosted: Fri 26 Jan 2018 7:12 pm 
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"Is" has no verbal noun.
to want = bheith ag iarraidh
to be able to = bheith ābalta...
to like = dūil a bheith agat (in...)
to be = bheith / bheith ina

Actually I don't think you ever need to use a "verbal noun" of "is", there's always a way to say it otherwise. If it had been mandatory to express oneself, Irish speakers would have invented one. :)
The translation depends on the sentence.

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Is fearr Gaeilg na Gaeltaċta ná Gaeilg ar biṫ eile
Agus is í Gaeilg Ġaoṫ Doḃair is binne
:)


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 Post subject: Re: Copular noun?
PostPosted: Fri 26 Jan 2018 7:58 pm 
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Alright, so there are no exact nominal equivalents of is féidir, is mian, is gá, etc.?


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 Post subject: Re: Copular noun?
PostPosted: Sat 27 Jan 2018 1:37 pm 
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Nope.
Do you have sentences to translate, where you'd need those? We would see, but I think in all cases there's a way to express the same thing without needing a verbal noun of "is".

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Is fearr Gaeilg na Gaeltaċta ná Gaeilg ar biṫ eile
Agus is í Gaeilg Ġaoṫ Doḃair is binne
:)


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 Post subject: Re: Copular noun?
PostPosted: Sat 27 Jan 2018 3:13 pm 
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No, I was just curious, but let’s say, “I’d like to be able to speak Irish.” Ba mhian liom bheith ábalta labhairt Gaeilge seems to work just fine, is there a better way to say it?


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 Post subject: Re: Copular noun?
PostPosted: Sat 27 Jan 2018 4:04 pm 
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Should be "ba mhaith liom bheith ábalta Gaeilge a labhairt", or in some places (Cork) "ba mhaith liom bheith ábalta ar an nGaelainn do labhairt".

It can't be "ábalta labhairt Gaeilge".

You can also say "ba mhaith liom Gaeilge a bheith agam" (I'd like to have/know Irish).

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Is fearr Gaeilg na Gaeltaċta ná Gaeilg ar biṫ eile
Agus is í Gaeilg Ġaoṫ Doḃair is binne
:)


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 Post subject: Re: Copular noun?
PostPosted: Sat 27 Jan 2018 4:27 pm 
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Alright, thanks.


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 Post subject: Re: Copular noun?
PostPosted: Sat 27 Jan 2018 5:12 pm 
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Esszet wrote:
Alright, so there are no exact nominal equivalents of is féidir, is mian, is gá, etc.?


Féidir, mian, gá are nouns. So, in case you need a "nominal" form you can just use these nouns
(exc. for féidir, of course, which has lost all its meaning outside of "is féidir/b’fhéidir") but not as a kind of infinitive. ("to be able", "to want" etc.)
Even in English there's no "to can", "to must" etc.


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 Post subject: Re: Copular noun?
PostPosted: Sat 27 Jan 2018 11:31 pm 
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Yeah, alright, thanks.


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